Higher Interest Rates And Smaller Loan Amounts
If a lender deems you are not very trustworthy or that you might not be able to pay back your loan, they will often charge you more interest or not give you the entire amount of the loan you asked for. This might seem unfair, but lenders do this to make some of the losses back from untrustworthy borrowers defaulting on their loans. Like youve read, having a hard inquiry on your credit account not only doesnt look great but it also lowers your credit score. If you already dont have a great score to begin with your lender might pool you into the untrustworthy category.
You might get pooled into being a riskier, more untrustworthy borrower category for many reasons. Whatever the reasons, if you are looking for a new loan or line of credit your lender will give you worse conditions than if you were considered a trustworthy borrower. You can expect higher interest rates and maybe even a smaller loan amount than you were expecting. This could mean that you end up paying more money for gettingless money than you otherwise would have. An Interest rate increase might not hurt you too much but it could also make the loan unaffordable if you are in a tight situation financially.
While there are probably more reasons why youd get charged a higher interest rate or receive a smaller loan, a hard inquiry on your account doesnt help. With every hard inquiry, your account looks less trustworthy and you could end up falling into a cycle of bad loans.
Can You Refinance An Auto Loan With Bad Credit
If your credit scores have dropped significantly since you took out your original car loan, it may be difficult to find refinancing that saves you money because lenders typically charge higher interest rates to applicants with lower credit scores. If your refinancing goal is lower monthly payments, however, you may be able to find an auto lender that specializes in borrowers with less-than-ideal credit. You may qualify for a new loan with a longer repayment period thatll cost more over time than the original loan did, but the extra expense could be worth it if it means you can pay todays bills more easily.
If youre at risk of missing a payment on your original car loan and having difficulty finding refinancing options, reach out to your lender as quickly as possible to explain the situation. While they are not obligated to do so, some lenders will work with you and may even modify your original loan terms to give you lower paymentsin exchange for a higher interest rate and potential fees.
Know How Much You Can Afford
While you want to negotiate with the car dealer based on the sticker price of the vehicle, its important to know how much of a car payment you can actually afford before you apply for an auto loan.
Factors like the interest rate you qualify for, the length of the loan, your down payment and even the amount youll get for trading in an older vehicle can all affect your monthly payment.
Our auto loan calculator can help you determine how much youll pay out of pocket and your monthly payments before you apply for an auto loan so youll know what to expect.
Recommended Reading: What Credit Score Is Needed For Usaa Auto Loan
Length Of Credit History
Have you been a borrower for long time? A lengthy track record of responsible credit use is good for your credit rating, which is obviously much more difficult to gain when you’re in your early twenties. This explains why oldergenerations typically have the best credit scores. The frequency with which you use your cards also plays a role, so if you have a credit card, use it a little bit to show that you can manage your debt responsibly.
An Auto Loan Inquiry Dropped My Credit Score 80 Points What Now
One of our readers went car shopping, and had an unpleasant surprise when the dealer made a credit inquiry. Heres the story:
Recently my boyfriend and I went to look at vehicles for him. He saw one he was interested in but knew we werent ready to purchase yet. The auto dealership convinced him to let them run the numbers and that they could get him into that vehicle with less than he is paying now on his current one. They pulled his credit but his score dropped 80 points and is now considered bad instead of fair. Why does one inquiry cause your credit score to drop like the floor has fallen out?! He was in the process of trying to re-establish credit after his divorce and now we wont be able to purchase a home in the time frame we had planned and must wait to get his credit score up to the bare minimum. Were in the process of disputing the inquiry because he wasnt ready to purchase yet and he didnt qualify for the loan. Is there anything else we can do?
Unfortunately, if your boyfriend agreed to allow the dealership to pull his credit and run the numbers, disputing the credit inquiry wont remove it from his credit report. Having said this, an auto loan inquiry shouldnt have caused your boyfriends . This sounds excessive and leads us to believe there was more to the drop than just the auto loan inquiry.
Looking to Refinance or Buy a New Car?
Find the lowest rate when you compare rates from multiple lenders, even if your credit isn’t perfect.
You May Like: How Can I Refinance My Car Loan With Bad Credit
Your Car Is Retaining Value
Before you go ahead and refinance your car loan, figure out your cars resale value. Sources like Edmunds.com, Kelley Blue Book, and the National Association of Auto Dealers can give you an idea of whether your car is retaining its value or upside down. If you find that you owe more on your car than its worth, its in your best interest to stay clear of refinancing.
Dont Miss: How To Get My Own Credit Report
How Do Inquiries For Mortgages Auto Loans And Other Loans Impact Your Credit Score
Hard credit inquiries, like other information on your credit reports, are seen by the major consumer credit scoring models, FICO® and VantageScore®. Having multiple hard inquiries within a short period of time can be predictive of credit risk, so having too many inquiries for different types of credit can result in a lower credit score.
While all hard inquiries resulting from loan applications were once considered separate events by credit scoring models, that hasn’t been the case for many years. FICO® and VantageScore have evolved in their treatment of multiple inquiries as a way to avoid unfairly penalizing a consumer for being a smart rate shopper.
In the contemporary versions of FICO®’s credit scores, for example, hard inquiries related to mortgage, auto loan and student loan applications are entirely ignored for 30 days from the date of the inquiry. So if you settle on a loan during that 30-day time period, your scores will not be affected by inquiries.
After those inquiries have aged past 30 days, they still may not be counted as independent inquiries by credit scoring models. That’s because FICO® considers similar loan-related inquiries that have occurred within 45 days of each other as a single inquiry in the scoring process.
In VantageScore’s credit scoring systems, all hard inquiries that occur within 14 days of each other are considered as one inquiry for the scoring process. This applies to all hard inquiries, regardless of the lender.
A New Auto Loan May Lower The Average Age Of All Your Accounts
The length of your credit history and the average age of your accounts make up 15% of your FICO score.
When you open a new loan or credit card, the average age of your accounts will fall slightly. If you have multiple accounts for decades, the hit will be very slight. But if you only have one or two accounts, it could have a bigger impact.
For instance, lets say youve held two credit cards for 20 years, and three others for 18, 16, and 15 years. You also took out a mortgage 17 years ago. The average age of your accounts is 17.6 years . When you open a new car loan, that average will drop to about 15 years still well over a decade.
But if youre new to credit and only have two credit cards that you opened a year ago, and you get an auto loan, the average length of your accounts drops in half, from one year to six months.
So How Many Points Are We Talking Here
The credit impact from a hard inquiry will vary from person to person depending on their individual credit history as well as all the other information in the credit report. FICO says that one new inquiry typically results in a less than five-point drop in your credit score.
Five points isnt a colossal amount, but it could drop you into a lower rate tier. Generate a few hard inquiries in a short period of time, and the points can add up to a more significant drop in your scores.
Also Check: What Credit Score Is Needed For Usaa Auto Loan
Why You Want To Avoid Too Many Inquiries
Hard inquiries are a necessary evil if you are trying to open a new account with a lender of some kind. But they can also raise red flags if you rack up too many in a short period of time. The average consumer is expected to acquire one or two hard inquiries a year.
Depending on your existing credit history, these might drop your score by a handful of points or not even have a noticeable impact. However, apply for additional accounts in a 12-month period, and youll begin to feel the pinch.
Accumulating too many inquiries over the course of a year can signal to lenders that your financial situation is unstable even if thats not really the case. They could assume that youre trying to use lines of credit to stay afloat. Or, they might believe that an influx of new accounts could hinder your ability to stay on top of your finances.
Plus, keep in mind that every inquiry has the potential to drop your score. Depending on the length of your credit history and the number of accounts you carry in good standing, each inquiry could mean score points dropped.
Did you actually follow through with opening new accounts following each of those inquiries? Then your score will also drop in term of your average age of accounts .
How Long Do Hard Inquiries Stay On A Credit Report
Hard inquiries typically stay on your credit report for two years but some credit reporting bureaus may not factor it into your score after a year. You may also find that some credit scoring companies only consider hard inquiries from the past twelve months.
Are you comparing rates for auto loans, credit cards or more? When hard inquiries are pulled during a short period amount of time, credit reporting agencies generally recognize this as one event.
Unlike a soft inquiry, a hard inquiry should not be performed without your consent. If you’ve noticed a recent hard inquiry that you did not authorize, you can reach out to your credit reporting bureau. Once you contact them, you can find out more information on how to file a report and start the process of removing that inquiry from your report.
Recommended Reading: Refinance Auto Usaa
What To Know About Car Loan Shopping
Your application for auto financing will show up in one more place: credit inquiries. Inquiries made when you apply for credit can cost you points on your credit score. But if you group applications for car financing close together, they should count as just one.
While youre shopping for the lowest auto loan rates, you may allow multiple lenders to run credit checks and end up with several hard inquiries listed on your credit report. Thats OK.
Generally speaking, if youre shopping for an auto loan within a 30-day period, all those hard inquiries that are listed on your credit report will only count as one when your FICO score is calculated. The VantageScore has a 14-day rolling window for shopping. Play it safe and keep your search brief so that your credit score doesnt take an unnecessary hit.
About the authors:Claire Tsosie is an assistant assigning editor for NerdWallet. Her work has been featured by Forbes, USA Today and The Associated Press. Read more
Bev O’Shea writes about credit for NerdWallet. Her work has appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, MarketWatch and elsewhere.Read more
Requesting A Credit Increase Can Hurt Your Score
Asking your credit card provider to increase your credit limit can also take points off your score, even if they agree. Why does requesting a credit increase hurt your score like this? Its that hard inquiry again.
That said, not every lender will run a hard credit check to see if you meet the requirements. Credit card issuers arent always clear about whether the request will result in a hard or soft inquiry, but some share this information online, says Experian. They also have some good advice: If youre unsure and cant find the information online, call your card issuer and ask whether it will use a soft or hard inquiry. You can also ask if its likely that your request will be approved.
Also Check: Sss Housing Loan
How Rate Shopping Can Impact Your Credit Score
A house and car are two of the biggest purchases youll probably make in your life. Shopping for them can be equal parts exciting and stressful. Its important to take your time and find the options that work best for you within your budget. During your search, think carefully about how much money youll be using as a down payment, and how much youre comfortable borrowing.
Just like you can compare prices and terms to find a great deal on a home or car, the same is true for loans. But even during the fun of home or car shopping, you should be mindful of the number of hard inquiries on your credit report. Hard inquiries happen when lenders access your credit report so they can make a decision about whether to give you credit. When you apply for a mortgage or car loan, lenders will make a hard pull of your credit report. These hard inquiries will often lower your credit score. To minimize the impact of these inquiries, try to do most of your mortgage and auto loan shopping in a short time.
What Factors Into Your Credit Score
To understand how taking out a personal loan affects your credit score, you must know how the score is calculated. The most widely used credit score by lenders is FICO, which was created by the Fair Isaac Corporation. FICO scores range between 300 and 850.
The scores are calculated based on five factors: payment history, amounts owed, length of credit history, new credit, and credit mix. The exact percentages may vary among the three major credit rating agencies, but here is a breakdown of how much weight each factor has in the calculation, according to FICO:
- 35% is based on your payment history
- 30% is based on the total amount of your outstanding debt
- 15% is based on the length of your
- 10% is based on any new debt or newly opened lines of credit
- 10% is based on credit mixthe number of that you have open
The three major credit reporting bureaus in the United States that lenders turn toEquifax, Experian, and TransUnionprovide similar scores on your creditworthiness, but there can be small differences.
Don’t Miss: How To Get A Loan Officer License In California
Benefits Of Prequalifying For An Auto Loan
There are many pros to applying for prequalification for an auto loan. Here are some of them.
- Knowing your credit is good enough for a car loan It would be tough to go pick a new car only to get turned down for an auto loan because of your credit scores or credit reports. Getting prequalified gives you an indication of whether you can get the green light for the loan, though youll still need to submit a loan application to find out if youre approved.
- Having an idea of your budget before you go shopping Just like getting turned down for a loan, picking your dream car only to find out you cant afford it can be a major disappointment. When you have an idea of what you can borrow, you can focus on cars you can afford.
- Skipping dealership financing Once you choose a car and negotiate a price, you dont need loan approval from the dealership, which may cost more than going directly to a lender yourself. And if you decide to apply with the lender and are approved, the dealer may even contact your lender on your behalf to make final arrangements, leaving one less thing for you to do.
What Information Youll Need To Apply For Prequalification
Getting prequalified for a loan is similar to getting approved for a loan. Lenders typically require your personal information and a soft credit inquiry.
For personal information, lenders will usually want to verify the following:
- Current debt obligations
Itll probably also be handy to have your Social Security number, drivers license, proof of income and housing payments.
To check your credit, the lender may use a soft inquiry or a hard inquiry to pull your credit reports and scores. A soft inquiry doesnt affect your credit scores, while a hard inquiry may have a small impact on your credit scores. So if youre shopping around for the best rate, check if youre dealing with a soft or hard inquiry first.
And remember, multiple inquiries made within a 14- to 45-day window often count as only one inquiry, depending on the credit-scoring model, so you can try to get a better rate while minimizing the effect on your credit scores.
Read Also: Usaa Auto Loan Interest Rates