What Happens When You Dont Repay Student Loan Debt
If you find yourself in a position where you cannot meet your student loan obligations, there are several downsides. The first is the possible impact on your credit score. Late payments are recorded on a monthly basis which is why it is important to make your payments on time. This is something you want to avoid as collections can go after you, you can be taken to court, and your income tax return can be seized. Its best to speak with your lender to iron out a lower payment plan if you find yourself in this position.
Continue Budgeting And Prioritize Your Loan
College life may be a thing of the past for you, but that doesnt mean you have to leave the college lifestyle behind, at least not right away. Its not always easy living on the bare minimum and focusing on studying and saving over the course of your college years. So its tempting to stop saving and spend a little more freely once youve graduated and found a job. However, if there are pending student loans in the mix, it may not be time to let your finances go out of check just yet. Try to continue living frugally by sharing expenses with roommates, using public transport, and cooking at home, for example, to help save as much of your money as possible. The best way to do this is to create a realistic budget for every month and stick to it. The more money you put towards paying off your student loans, the faster you will be debt-free and finally able to take on some of your new financial goals and enjoy the money you earn.
Will My Taxes Be Garnished For Student Loans
If you have a federal student loan and you fail to make monthly payments, your federal tax refund might be garnished. However, this process wonât start until after nine months of missed payments.
If you have a private loan and have defaulted, your lender can file suit to garnish your wages. A private student loan could go into a default with only one or two missed payments, depending on the loan agreement.
If your tax refund is going to be garnished, the lender managing your debt will send you a letter identifying the collector deducting payments. The letter should also include details on how to makearrangements to pay off your debts.
In 2020, due to the coronavirus, the federal government paused repayment plans by setting interest rates at 0%, halting collection activities and freezing loan payments.
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Not Finding The Best Interest Rate
If youre a student looking for loans to pay for school, you might be tempted to take the first offer that comes your way. But if you want to keep your debt to a minimum, it pays in the long run to find the best interest rate available.
The key is getting pre-qualified before shopping around so that lenders can tell you what they would offer based on factors like the amount of money needed and how much time there is between now and when repayment will start.
Here are some tips:
1) Get pre-approved from more than one lender so that at least two offers are in hand when applying for a loan
2) Apply only after comparing all terms and rates among several different lenders
3) Shop around with multiple lenders
4) Dont make a decision until you have all offers in hand.
Use A Tuition Payment Plan
Use a tuition payment plan instead of long-term loan debt. Tuition installment plans split the college bills into 9-12 equal monthly installments for a nominal up-front fee and no interest. This allows you to save and pay as you go, removing the need to borrow.
One word of caution with some of these plans, understand the players in this type of agreement. While many schools offer this as an actual payment plan through the university. Read the terms and conditions of what happens if you unable to continue making the payments. Some schools will require you to withdraw and withhold transcripts until you pay your balance .
Some schools may use a third-party service. If your school uses a third-party with their payment plan, read all the paperwork! Understand what happens if you are unable to pay, you withdraw, or your school closes.
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Student Loans: Final Thoughts
While there are other plans in Congress to cancel student loans, this new proposal offers half of the student loan forgiveness that progressive Democrats support. Congress hasnt passed any wide-scale student loan cancellation, and its unlikely Congress will cancel student loans of any amount, including $10,000 of student debt. However, this new proposal of $25,000 of student loan forgiveness represents a clear shift from the $50,000 of student loan cancellation rhetoric. While this may be a one-off proposal, its possible that Democrats may back away from their plan to cancel up to $50,000 of student loans, which has not gained popularity in Congress or from the president.
Form An Aggressive Repayment Plan
The federal student loan program offers various repayment plans designed to reduce some of the strain of making monthly student loan payments. Each plan differs and depends on your overall student loan debt.
A variety of income-driven repayment plans determine your minimum monthly loan payment based on your income. If youre not earning much right out of school, its tempting to make the minimum monthly payments to keep them manageable in the short term. Avoid the temptation and pay back as much as you can afford, both to minimize your student loan interest and to get out from under the debt quickly.
Automate your payments to take place every single paycheck rather than every month. To become debt-free as quickly as possible, try the debt snowball strategy rather than a debt consolidation refinance if you have multiple debts.
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How Can I Reduce My Loans
Simple Ways to Reduce Your Loan EMI
Get Friendly With The Financial Aid Office
Human beings are tribal animals. We look out for our own: the people we know and like.
That means you want to get cozy with the people making financial aid and scholarship decisions. The better they know and like you, the more theyll help you. Call it a form of nepotism if you want to be cynical about it, but its simply human nature.
Show up periodically and ask about work opportunities. If they dont have any at the moment, offer to intern for them for free until a paid job becomes available.
Get to know everyone in the office on a first-name basis. Ask about their children by name. Show up with coffee or doughnuts periodically. Ask about their hobbies and interests.
Do that, and you can expect the best possible aid available every year of your college experience.
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Choose The Student Loan Repayment Plan With The Highest Payment You Can Comfortably Afford
The student loan repayment plan with the lowest monthly payment might seem like your best option because it gives you more cash to spend today. That might actually be the right choice if you qualify for student loan forgiveness programs, like Public Service Loan Forgiveness . But if you’re paying back the loan on your own, choosing a lower monthly payment could extend your loan term and end up costing you more in interest in the long run.
When you choose a student loan repayment plan with a higher monthly payment, each payment will make a bigger dent in your balance, enabling you to pay back what you owe more quickly. But make sure you choose a student loan repayment plan that you can afford. Missing monthly payments could cost you in late fees and lower your credit score.
Keep Living On A Student Budget
As most people earn more, they spend more. They get a raise and immediately start going out to dinner more often, move into a larger apartment, or buy a flashier car. Its called lifestyle inflation, and its precisely why most Americans never build much wealth, regardless of how much they earn.
Dont succumb to it. Keep living the broke college student lifestyle until youve paid off your student loans in full. Fortunately, it wont take very long if you funnel every spare penny toward your student debts.
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Apply For A Graduated Repayment Plan
If a borrower makes too much to qualify for an IDR, they still get lower initial payments with a graduated plan. There is a 10-year plan and 25-year plan.
Like IDRs, they are based on the assumption youll earn more as the years pass. Unlike IDRs, your payments automatically increase every two years even if your income doesnt or your family situation changes.
Be aware that the increases mount up. For instance, if you owe $38,000, your monthly payment would be $213 in Year 1 under the 10-year repayment plan. That would jump to $638 a month in Year 9.
Work Before And During College
Working can serve a dual purpose, youll receive a paycheck and gain some skills you can apply in your future career. Its okay to have a job that doesnt relate to your degree. But as your senior year approaches, switch gears and get work or an internship in the profession. Pay attention to the amount of money you can earn with a job while in college to not impact your financial aid. Find creative side hustles to make extra cash.
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Looking For Ways To Avoid Student Loan Debt We Have Some Useful Tips And Strategies That Can Help
Did you know that the average student loan debt for American graduates was $30,000 in 2017?
You also probably dont know that Americans owe $1.4 trillion in student loans. Talk about scary! To paint a more global picture, the average student debt is $30,800 in the UK, $22,000 in Sweden, $20,000 in Canada, and $22,000 in Australia.
Student loans can cause a great amount of stress and can be very overwhelming. Considering the high prices of tuition, its the only option for many students who want to earn a degree but cant afford to pay for it.
If youre already in debt or hoping to steer clear of it as much as possible, this article will help you find ways to avoid student loan debt. If you follow these tips, you can successfully manage your school finances and not become just another scary statistic.
Attend An Online College
The average cost of a degree from a brick-and-mortar college is $85,000. Compare the hefty price to an online college degree which costs roughly $30,000, and youll want to reconsider going off to college.
The freedom to learn whatever you want from the comfort of your home and at less than half the cost of an ordinary college makes attending an online college ever so lucrative.
Online Colleges are increasingly becoming popular, with more and more colleges making their programs accessible online.
Even if you decide to attend a brick-and-mortar college, you could still save a lot on living expenses if you choose to take the online programs and live at home.
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Student Lines Of Credit
If you have a student line of credit through your financial institution, you’ll have to pay the interest on the amount of money you borrow while youre still in school.
After you graduate, many financial institutions give you a 4 to 12-month grace period. During this time, you only have to pay the interest on your line of credit. After this period, youll pay back your debt through a repayment schedule agreed upon with your financial institution.
Contact your financial institution to get information about paying back your student line of credit.
Standard Federal Repayment Plan
If you have a federal student loan, youâre automatically enrolled in the standard repayment plan. It’s designed to pay off your debt over a ten-year period, and for some borrowers, ten years may be just right.
But for others, the standard federal repayment plan results in monthly payments they canât afford.
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How Universities And Colleges Can Help Solve The Student Debt Crisis
The Institute for College Access and Success recommends a number of measures universities and colleges can take to help manage the student debt crisis and protect students from predatory lenders.
- Require school certification of private loans. There are many differences between federal and private student loans TICAS recommends that private lenders be required to confirm a borrowers eligibility with his or her school before disbursing the loan. This measure would help ensure students are making informed borrowing decisions.
- Increase access to federal student loans for community college students. According to TICAS, there are more than 100 million community college students who cant get a federal loan because their schools do not participate in the federal loan program. Without access to federal loans, these students may need to explore private loans, which can have much higher interest rates, or make other risky financial decisions in order to afford their education.
- Improve resources available for students to make informed financial decisions. Although students with federal loans are required to go through loan entrance counseling, TICAS suggests that more resources be available to students to ensure they fully understand how to make the best financial decision for their education.
For more information about the role colleges and universities can play in supporting students financial well-being, visit TICAS.
Can You Go To Jail For Not Paying A Bank Loan
You cannot go to jail for not paying a loan. No creditor of consumer debt including credit cards, medical debt, a payday loan, mortgage or student loans can force you to be arrested, jailed or put in any kind of court-ordered community service. If you get sued for an unpaid debt, you’ll end up in civil court.
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Ways To Minimize Student Loans
Putting the Student Loan Problem in Perspective
In total, almost 45 million Americans owe about $1.7 trillion in student debt. About 70 percent of college grads have student debt when they graduate the average debt among all graduates now pushes $37,000.
These statistics look really scary, but the story is more complicated than everyones crippled by their undergraduate student debt. For example, student loan statistics are skewed by the small percentage of borrowers who owe over $100,000 and the fact that nearly half of all student loan debt isgraduate student debt.
That being said, you should not take out loans until all other options are exhausted. Why borrow money for college when you can get other people to pay for it?
There are so many other strategies you can employ before taking on debt!
Strategies to Minimize Student Loans
1. Learn how the financial aid system works. Then, determine whether you can maximize need-based aid.
The federal government plugs in the info you submit on the FAFSA into a formula called The Federal Methodology which heavily focuses on income. This calculation spits out your EFC, or Expected Family Contribution. The EFC is often pointed at as the number your family will pay for college. This is inaccurate. Rather, this number is used by the federal and state governments as well as colleges to determine your eligibility for need-based aid.
Dont know what your EFC is?Use our EFC calculator!
3. Appeal your financial aid letter.
Dont Mess Around And Graduate
In college, stay focused on expanding your mind and building a network. Its okay to have a good time but dont let that cause you to fail classes and delay graduation. The longer you stay in school the more youll pay. The purpose of college is to become educated so youre more prepared to land a job in your ideal profession.
Managing your student loan use while enrolled in college can support a healthier and more stress-free post-college life. Graduated college with student loans? Learn how to make extra student loan payments and how refinancing might help with student debt payoff.
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Moving Towards A Debt
Student loan debt can be overwhelming and stressful. The good news is that there are many ways to reduce the overall amount of debt you owe. With smart budgeting, the right program, and determination, you can avoid getting crushed by student debt and take control of your life.
Want more tips and tricks for saving cash and limiting student loan debt? Join the Tallo Community! Our Community is filled with students and professionals sharing their experiences in everything from going to college to starting a dream job.
Borrowing Too Much Money
Borrowing too much money for college is one of the biggest mistakes that students make. It can lead to a lifetime of debt that its impossible to escape from. A student should borrow what they need, not what they want or believe is necessary.
It can be enticing to borrow the maximum amount that your school offers, especially if the cost of living is high and you dont want to worry about having enough money. However, this can leave you with a lot more debt than necessary and it could be difficult for you to pay off once your loans come due after graduation.
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