How Does An Acquisition Loan Work
The basic idea behind acquisition loans is that the purchases the target with a loan collateralized by the targets own assets. In situations, the use of the targets assets to secure credit for the acquirer is one reason that the tactic has a predatory reputation.
To obtain an acquisition loan, the acquirer must therefore first make sure the targets assets are adequate collateral for the needed to purchase the target. The acquirer must also create and study financial forecasts of the combined entities to make sure they generate enough cash to make the principal and interest payments. In some cases, maintaining optimal cash flow could be a real challenge if the targets management team leaves after the acquisition.
In some cases, an acquisition loan can come directly from one or more banks. Obtaining acquisition loans is often expensive and complicated, and when a particular deal is especially large, there is often more than one acquirer, which allows for sharing of the risks and expenses . An , a law firm and third-party accountants are often necessary to correctly structure the loan and the transaction.
The 1990s Acquisitions Frenzy
In corporate America, the 1990s will be remembered as the decade of the internet bubble and the megadeal. The late 1990s, in particular, spawned a series of multi-billion-dollar acquisitions not seen on Wall Street since the junk bond fests of the roaring 1980s. From Yahoo!’s 1999 $5.7-billion purchase of Broadcast.com to AtHome Corporation’s $7.5-billion purchase of Excite, companies were lapping up the “growth now, profitability later” phenomenon. Such acquisitions reached their zenith in the first few weeks of 2000.
Acquisition And Development Loan How Does It Work
These loan programs are always secured against real estate properties. The private money lender approves the application and releases funds within a short time.
As soon as a real estate developer has received the funds, they can use part of the proceeds to purchase raw land. The remaining funds are used to carry out horizontal improvements such as grading the land, zoning, and installing utilities such as water supply, electricity grids, and sewer systems to transform the land into a construction-ready building site.
As soon as the utilities have been installed, the real estate developer can sub-divide the land and work with other real estate developers to construct new properties.
You May Like: Texas Fha Loan Limits
Rollover For Business Startups
A Rollover for Business Startups allows you to access funds from your retirement account to invest in a new business. You can use the capital towards the cost of acquisition, working capital, or for a down payment towards another form of financing.
The major positive of ROBS is that you wont face early withdrawal penalties, taxes or interest charges. And since its your own money, there are no repayments.
However, there are certain criteria you have to meet including that your retirement account is a tax-deferred account and either a Traditional 401 or IRA , your business is a C-Corp, and you, the business owner, must be a legitimate employee in the business.
Additionally ROBs have a number of other regulatory requirements , and youll likely need to invest in ongoing relationships with legal and tax experts to stay compliant.
Setup fees can add up quickly, so youll need at least $50,000 in retirement savings for this form of financing to make sense.
Pros And Cons Of Business Acquisition Loan
The question often in the mind of people is will it be advisable to get a business acquisition loan especially in instances where you are still in doubt about the future success of the business to be acquired.
The first step to being taken before undertaking a business venture or deciding to get a loan to acquire an existing business is to weigh the pros and cons and see if it would be profitable to dive into it.
Also Check: What Is The Maximum Fha Loan Amount In Texas
Types Of Business Acquisition Loans
There are several types of loans you might pursue when funding a business acquisition. Youll want to ensure youre picking a loan that will provide the amount you need with reasonable repayment terms and interest rates. The requirements to receive the loan and the amount you are offered vary by lender.
Overview: What Is A Business Acquisition Loan
A business acquisition loan is a loan to help you acquire another business. Simple, right?
This type of loan is used by business owners who want to buy an additional business or franchise. If your current business is a partnership and you want to buy them out, so you are the sole owner, you can also use an acquisition loan for this purpose.
There are a couple of different types of loans you can explore, depending on your situation and needs:
- SBA loans: For many small business owners, especially those who often cant secure traditional funding, SBA loans can be a good option. The SBA works with lenders across the country to offer financing. Explore the 7 and the 504 loan programs both are SBA business acquisition loans.
- Term loans: If you have a good credit score and financial standing, you might be a candidate for a term loan. These are usually through traditional lenders and have more attractive payment terms and fixed rates.
- Equipment financing: If your business owns a lot of valuable equipment, you may be able to put that forward as collateral to secure a loan. In some instances, using this method helps expedite the loan process. However, if you were to default, the lender will own your equipment and take it away.
- Peer-to-peer lending: Another option is peer-to-peer lending . Here, funding is provided not through financial institutions but groups of people. If you struggle to qualify for traditional financing, it might be an option.
You May Like: Rv Loan Usaa
Where Can I Get A Small Business Acquisition Loan
Loans for business acquisition are available from a variety of sources, each with flexible payment terms and rates. It is often easier to get a loan to buy a business if you already own an existing business in a similar industry. However, there are also small business acquisition loans available for startups.
Loans to acquire a small business vary in amounts, terms and interest rates. Each of these variables will impact the other.
A conventional term loan from a bank for business acquisition is one of the most popular ways to acquire a business. Substantial assets, good personal credit and demonstrated success in business are among the requirements for getting a traditional small business loan.
Small Business Administration loans are also a good option for entrepreneurs looking to acquire a small business. Because they are government guaranteed, SBA loans are perfect for small business owners who may not qualify for a traditional bank loan. Connect2Capital can help match you with an SBA lender that makes small business loans for business acquisition.
Learn more about other types of small business loans for business acquisition.
Why Does An Acquisition Loan Matter
The purpose an acquisition loan is to make a large acquisition without having to commit a lot of capital, but the even greater purpose is to maximize shareholder value. If the creates a stronger, more efficient, more profitable entity, then most shareholders agree the debt is worth the trouble. But if levels are too large or the just isnt there, the company may not be able to service its debt and could go bankrupt.
This high level of risk is why share prices usually fall when a company announces news of an acquisition involving a lot of debt. This, however, can be a buying opportunity if investors think the company will be able to pay down the debt, which increases the value of the shares.
The pursuit of acquisition loans usually increases when interest rates are low and/or when the economy or a particular industry is underperforming . However, an increase could also signal more competition for deals, which tends to bid up the price for targets, further increasing the debt needed for acquisitions and increasing the chances a combined entity wont be able to support its debt obligations.
Also Check: Fha County Loan Limits Texas
Requirements For A Business Acquisition Loan
- Letter of Intent A letter of intent outlines the terms and steps for the acquisition. The seller and buyer will sign the letter of intent to initiate the acquisition. Typically, a LOI demonstrates to the lender that you have thoroughly planned the acquisition.
- Valuation of a Business The valuation of a business shows how much that business is worth. If the business valuation is high, the borrower may receive a higher loan amount, as they will be seen as less of a risk.
- Financial Documents A lender will need to see financial documents and information to determine whether or not you are likely to generate enough income for repayment. A cash flow statement will determine the amount of cash that enters and leaves your business. A balance sheet summarizes a businesss liabilities, obligations, net worth, and assets. An income statement will show the revenue your business makes over a period of time, as well as any losses.
- A Business Plan Having a business plan will show a lender the objectives, goals, and steps you have set in place for your business. A business plan will show a lender you have done your research and have composed a strategy for your business.
Acquisition Through Mezzanine Or Quasi Debt
Acquiring companies might consider mezzanine financing if the target company boasts a history of steady profitability as well as a strong balance sheet. This type of acquisition funding features aspects of both equity and debt financing mezzanine funding can also often be converted to equity if that is desired.
Acquiring companies might seek mezzanine financing over debt financing for a few different reasons, as there are several advantages to this kind of financing. Interest on mezzanine debt is tax-deductible, which is a compelling feature. Additionally, interest can be incorporated into the loan, and interest payments can be deferred if necessary.
Also Check: What Credit Score Is Needed For Usaa Auto Loan
Sba 7a Business Acquisition Loan
Top SBA 7a Lenders:
The Small Business Administration offers likely the most affordable option for small businesses that are looking for business acquisition financing. Although the SBA 7 loan isnt issued solely for buying existing businesses or starting new franchises, the loan offers borrowers a lot of flexibility. It can be used for a wide range of business purposes including business acquisition.
Flexibility isnt the only feature that makes the SBA 7 loan an attractive financing option. Its also an affordable way to borrow when you need access to business capital. Qualified borrowers can receive up to $5 million in financing with terms up to 25 years and low potential interest rates.
The SBA doesnt issue loans directly. Rather, it guarantees the loans that are issued by preferred SBA lenders. Because the loan is fully or partially guaranteed, the SBA promises to cover all or part of the loan if the borrower doesnt pay back as agreed. This backing makes lenders and financial institutions like banks and credit unions more willing to issue affordable loans that can help small businesses grow.
There is, however, a bit of a catch. If you hope to qualify for an affordable SBA 7 loan with attractive terms, youll have to jump through a few hoops first. Heres a look at some of the requirements you will need to meet in order to qualify for this type of financing:
Different Types Of Business Acquisition Loan
Business acquisition loans include senior debt, mezzanine debt and asset based lending. Here are some common types of loan:
- Secured term loan – this is sometimes called senior debt because it takes priority over other unsecured debt . Lenders often offer an interest-only payment period and rates can be fixed or flexible. If your business doesnt have suitable assets to secure a loan then it may be possible to arrange a cash flow based loan.
- Cash-flow or working capital loan – lenders advance cash based on the expected future cash-flow of your business.
- Mezzanine debt – a type of loan that can be converted into equity if the borrower cant repay the loan. Lenders often offer interest-only loans, but the interest rate may be high due to the high-risk nature of this type of loan.
- Asset based lending – allows you to use the assets of the new business as security for the loan. The lender may advance up to 70-90% of the assets value of the new business .
- Private debt – this is a type of business acquisition loan offered through a private company rather than a bank. Your business may be accepted for private debt finance if you cant get lending elsewhere. However, private debt can be an expensive option.
Recommended Reading: Usaa Loan Credit Score Requirements
What Is A Business Acquisition Loan
A business acquisition loan is a form of financing dedicated to buying a business. Unlike other kinds of bank loans, youll need to proveto the lender that you have the experience necessary to successfully run and grow the business so that youll be able to pay off your loan.Often business acquisition loans also require a down payment to demonstrate your commitment to the business.
Some banks might also require you to have a steady personal income outside of the business and a good credit score.
Examples Of Acquisition Loan Mortgage In A Sentence
The mortgage securing the Acquisition Loan is titled the Consolidated, Amended and Restated Acquisition Loan Mortgage and Security Agreement.
The acquisition was financed through a loan from BFSB in an aggregate amount of $14,955,000, which consisted of an Acquisition Loan Consolidated Secured Promissory Note, dated August 13, 2007, in the original principal amount of $14,955,000 , and an Acquisition Loan Mortgage Consolidation, Extension, Modification and Security Agreement , dated August 13, 2007.
In addition, the parties executed a Consolidated, Amended and Restated Acquisition Loan Mortgage and Security Agreement, and an Option Agreement referencing three loans: 1) the Acquisition Loan of $ 15,649,568.31 2) the Project Loan of $ 6,232,323.69 and 3) the Building Loan of $ 4,875,819.00.* * *The Acquisition Loan was used to acquire certain real property located at 1440 Story Avenue in the Bronx, New York.
First, on that date, petitioner entered into a mortgage agreement with State Bank of Long Island that secured an acquisition loan in the amount of $3,908,000.00 .
In this transaction, the Gap Mortgage was separately created, and subsequently consolidated with two other mortgages into one lien .
GOEAST: a web-based software toolkit for Gene Ontology enrichment analysis.
This attribute is based on findings of two policies, BTB and CoR, with respect to firms hiring decisions.
Read Also: How Do Loan Officers Get Paid
Acquisition Funding At A Glance
Business acquisition funding can provide you with capital to purchase a business, franchise, or asset. Your companys assets will be used as collateral. The interest rate is typically lower for this type of funding than other small business funding options.
Before youre qualified for acquisition funding, the provider will look at:
- The value of your company. The provider will want to make sure you arent purchasing a business that is worth substantially more than the business you already have.
- Your experience as a business owner. The lender will want to make sure you know how to run a company. To determine this, they will look at how you have performed at your own company.
- The performance of your company. Your business should be stable. If your company has been losing money, then the lender will be less likely to approve you for funding.
The SBA 7 loan can sometimes be used for acquisition funding. This can be an ideal solution for eligible companies because SBA loans tend to have lower interest rates.
Acquisition Takeover Or Merger
Although technically, the words “acquisition” and “takeover” mean almost the same thing, they have different nuances on Wall Street. In general, “acquisition” describes a primarily amicable transaction, where both firms cooperate “takeover” suggests that the target company resists or strongly opposes the purchase the term “merger” is used when the purchasing and target companies mutually combine to form a completely new entity. However, because each acquisition, takeover, and merger is a unique case, with its own peculiarities and reasons for undertaking the transaction, use of these terms tends to overlap.
Also Check: What Do Mortgage Loan Officers Do
How To Apply For A Business Acquisition Loan
Once youve decided the type of financing you want to seek, getting the financing together will depend on how you choose to structure yourpurchase financing. Then youll need to gather your financial information and the financial information of the business youd like topurchase and share that information with a lender to determine what amount of financing you qualify for and at what rate. Then, its amatter of accepting the terms and signing the paperwork to become the owner and operator of your business.
Everything You Need To Know About Getting A Loan To Buy A Business
Many buyers take out business loans specifically to finance the acquisition of another business.
In this guide, we break down how to get a loan to buy a business in three steps:
- Step 1: Evaluate your qualifications and understand what lenders are looking for.
- Step 2: Choose the best business acquisition loan for your needs.
- Step 3: Complete the application process.
Don’t Miss: Usaa Loan Approval
How Can I Get A Small Business Acquisition Loan
Like most small business loans, your credit history is an important qualifying factor. If youre buying a business or a franchise, lenders want to ensure youre investing in a viable enterprise.
When acquiring an existing business, small business lenders will need to see records of the businesss financial performance, valuation and projections. Your related experience in owning and operating a similar business will help lenders see that you can successfully manage and grow the business youre acquiring.